1 It was cast by Honoré Gonon (b. c.1780) and his sons, who were responsible for reviving the lost-wax process as an alternative to the more economical sand-casting technique. With the fall of the house of Orléans, the sculpture was moved from the front of the Tuileries to the Terrasse du bord de l'eau of the Tuileries, and in 1911 it was transferred to the Louvre. The plaster model, dated 1832, is preserved in the Musée d'art et d'histoire in Lisieux, France; and the 1835 bronze is in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.
2 Henri Bouilhet, L'orfèvrerie française aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles (1700-1900), vol. 2 (H. Laurens, Paris, 1910), p. 139.
3 Ruth Butler, The Shape of Genius (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1993), p. 39.
4 Michel Poletti and Alain Richarme catalogued Barye's known sculptures in Barye: catalogue raisonné des sculptures (Gallimard, Paris, 2000).
5 Barbedienne purchased 126 from a total of 234 lots at the sale. See Joseph Reinis, Appendix A, "The Founders and Editors of Barye's Bronzes," in Untamed: The Art of Antoine-Louis Barye (Walters Art Museum, Baltimore and Prestel, Munich, 2006), pp. 242-243.
6 The plaster is in the Musée du Louvre, Paris.
7 Théophile Gautier, "Salon de 1850-1," La Presse (Paris), 20th article May 1, 1851.
9 It was replaced by another allegorical group, The Genius of the Arts, modeled by Antonin Mercié (1845-1916).
10 Much of Lucas's collection is now in the Baltimore Museum of Art; a selection will be on view in A Collector's Palette: 19th-century French Art from the Lucas Collection, at the museum from October 8 to December 31.
11 The Walters collection, now in the Walters Art Museum, includes 180 bronzes, a variety of models in other mediums, 25 watercolors, 2 oil paintings, and 349 drawings.
12 Quoted in Charles de Kay, Barye: Life and Works of Antoine Louis Barye, Sculptor, with Eighty-six Wood-cuts, Artotypes and Prints in Memory of an Exhibition of His Bronzes, Paintings, and Water-colors held in New York in Aid of the Fund for His Monument in Paris (1889; reprint AMS Press, New York, 1974) p. 115.
13 Catalogue of the Paintings, Statuary, Bronzes...of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D. C., 1874).
14 See Poletti and Richarme, Barye: Catalogue raisonné, No. F 33, p. 109, illus. 60.
15 The first version of Seated Lion had been commissioned by the government of Louis Philippe in 1846 for the Tuileries Gardens, but was later paired with a duplicate cast flanking the riverside entrance to the Louvre's Pavilion de Flore.
16 Léon Bonnat's distinguished collection of Barye's sculptures and paintings, one of the richest in France, is preserved in the Musée Bonnat in Bayonne, France.
17 "The Point of View," Scribner's Magazine, vol. 7, no. 115 (January 1890), p. 130.
18 Cited in Cyrus J. Lawrence, The Barye Monument," Harper's Weekly, vol. 31 (1894), p. 413.