Twenty-five years ago in these pages, Beatrice B. Garvan wrote about an anonymous collection of Pennsylvania folk art that was already more than a quarter-century in the making. Garvan was struck by the coherence of the assemblage that was ever in flux, by the sense of motion generated by the collectors' unyielding search for the best.
The collectors, Philadelphians Joan M. and Victor L. Johnson, have long been known to enthusiasts of American decorative arts but it was only with their 2009 move from the country to a penthouse apartment in Society Hill that they felt comfortable going public. Their disclosure here coincides with their recent promised gift of 240 frakturs, most of them from Pennsylvania, to the Philadelphia Museum of Art, where Joan Johnson has been a trustee since 1993. Experts say the collection, which will more than double the museum's holdings, is the most comprehensive in private hands. Lisa Minardi, assistant curator at Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library and a specialist in Pennsylvania decorative arts, is cataloguing the gift, which will be the subject of an exhibition, tentatively scheduled for 2015, at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
The Johnsons began collecting American folk art soon after they married in 1955, filling a 1937 stone farmhouse designed by G. Edwin Brumbaugh (1890-1983) with antiques. After purchasing forty-two hundred square feet of raw space in the city in 2007, the couple worked with Nottingham, Pennsylvania, architect Joan Fleckenstein to re-create the old interiors using Brumbaugh's original plans, now at Winterthur. The project tested Joan's talent as an interior designer and allowed the couple to refine their collection and reconsider its presentation. Offered here is a glimpse of a life's work at its most distilled. "Joan approaches the material from an aesthetic standpoint. If she loves something she becomes a scholar of it," says Patrick Bell of Olde Hope Antiques, who shares his friend's interest in folk art's formal qualities.
The objects are a guide to the characters, a word used advisedly, who influenced the collectors' development. A favorite primitive portrait of a mother and child came from Harry B. Hartman, the Marietta, Pennsylvania, dealer who opened Joan's eyes to folk art in the 1950s. Attributed to Pennsylvania potter Israel Rothrock and decorated with a double eagle, a redware plate that belonged to Saturday Evening Post editor George Horace Lorimer (1867-1937) was acquired on a trip to Ginsburg and Levy in Manhattan with Bea Garvan. There is the Schwenkfelder fraktur that the crusty authority Pastor Frederick S. Weiser (1935-2009) agreed to sell, but only after the Johnsons earned his respect; and the rare Boston William and Mary easy chair, illustrated in Benno M. Forman's American Seating Furniture: 1630-1730, that the couple pried out of the hands of the theatrical New Hampshire dealer Roger Bacon (1904-1982). There are many recent acquisitions, as well.
One story, told by Victor, epitomizes the couple's disciplined habits. In 1969, keen on owning a Peaceable Kingdom by the Pennsylvania Quaker Edward Hicks, the couple approached the Philadelphia dealer and Hicks authority Robert Carlen (1906-1990), who told them to wait in line. Undeterred, the Johnsons, assisted by curator Mary Black (1922-1992), continued their search. When Carlen unexpectedly called late one night two months later, they were ready with an offer. The couple eventually acquired a second Hicks, one of four known versions of The Residence of David Twining, and in 1991 traded their first Peaceable Kingdom for a better example. The work, one of many upgrades in the collection, is illustrated here.
On the occasion of their fiftieth anniversary in 2005, the couple endowed a gallery of Pennsylvania German and other rural Pennsylvania decorative arts at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. In the future, this gallery may contain a rotating display of the Johnsons' fraktur in addition to related works from the museum's collection.
Patience, persistence, resilience, resourcefulness, collaboration, and a belief in giving. For guidance and inspiration on what it means to collect, we look to Joan and Victor Johnson.