Cradle of liberty, cradle of craft

1 I am very grateful to Joseph Cunningham for sharing his research on Yellin, which follows: In 1922, an article apparently based on a personal interview with Yellin described him as "German by birth" and chronicled a five-year sojourn when he worked in Belgium and Great Britain before coming to the United States at age twenty-two (William B. McCormick, "Samuel Yellin: Artist in Iron," International Studio, vol. 75 [August 1922], p. 431). Most subsequent biographies, including those based on family records, have located his birthplace in Poland (e.g. Jack Andrews, Samuel Yellin, Metalworker [Skipjack Press, Ocean City, Md., 1992], p. 1:  "Samuel Yellin was born in 1885 in Mogilera, Galicia, Poland, a small village near the Austrian border"). However, no town named "Mogilera" appears to exist; the name may be a corruption of "Mogilev," which was in Russia, not Austria-Hungary. Andrews and other authors also record 1906 as the year Yellin immigrated to Philadelphia, which is consistent with McCormick's account but not Yellin's naturalization records (e-mail to the author, June 6, 2012).  2 C. Matlack Price, "A Modern Craftsman in Wrought Iron: Work that Rivals the Industrial Achievements of the Middle Ages," The Craftsman vol. 22 (September 1912), p. 627.  3 Quoted in Andrews, Samuel Yellin, Metalworker, p. 14.  4 Quoted in Michael A. Stone, Contemporary American Woodworkers (G.M. Smith, Salt Lake City, 1986), p. 11.  5 Julie Hall, Tradition and Change: The New American Craftsman (E.P. Dutton, New York, 1977), p. 54.  6 Quoted in Edith Skiba Lamonica, "Behind the Eye: Phillip Lloyd Powell," 2005, at  (accessed February 26, 2010). 7 Quoted in Modern Americana: Studio Furniture from High Craft to High Glam, ed. Todd Merrill and Julie Iovine (Rizzoli, New York, 2008), p. 108.  8 Ibid.  9 Biographical details for Staffel are taken from "The Reminiscences of Rudolf Staffel" (1988) in the Center for Oral History, Columbia University; Oral History Interview with Rudolf Staffel, July 17-August 6, 2007, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution; and Rudolf Staffel: Searching For Light, A Retrospective View 1936 - 1996 (Museum of Applied Arts, Helsinki,1996), pp. 40-43. 10 Biographical details for Schaechter are from Alex Baker, Extra Virgin: The Stained Glass of Judith Schaechter (Free News Projects, Philadelphia, 2006); and through studio visits and correspondence with the artist, 2007-2013. 11 Baker, Extra Virgin: The Stained Glass of Judith Schaechter, p. 6. 12 Author's telephone interview with Doug Bucci, January 31, 2013. 13 Skoogfors to Miye Matsukata, January 14, 1968, Olaf Skoogfors Papers, Archives of American Art; cited in Elisabeth R. Agro, "A Resonant Silence: The Unfinished Work of Olaf Skoogfors," Metalsmith, vol.  29, no. 2 (March 2009), p. 43. 14 Biographical details for Daley are taken from "The Reminiscences of William Daley" (1985) in the Oral History Collection of Columbia University; Oral History Interview with William P. Daley, August 7 and December 2, 2004, Archives of American Art; and "Selected Chronology,"in William Daley: Ceramic Works and Drawings (Moore College, Philadelphia, 1993), pp. 31-34. 15 William Daley, "Vesica Explorations," in William Daley: Vesica Exploration (List Gallery, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, 2009), p. 4.  16 Stuart Kestenbaum, "The Spirit in the Form," ibid., p. 3.

by Émile Jacques Ruhlmann (1879-1933), 1926. Macassar ebony, amaranth, and ivory. Metropolitan Museum of Art. By Cynthia Drayton

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