John Hardman and Company: Pugin's glasspainters

1 One of Pugin’s most spectacular achievements, Saint Giles’ Roman Catholic Church in Cheadle, England, was featured in Geoffrey Beard, “Pugin’s ‘perfect’ church: Saint Giles’ in Cheadle,” The Magazine Antiques, vol. 173, no. 6 (June 2008), pp. 56–63. The most recent biography of Pugin is Rosemary Hill, God’s Architect: Pugin and the Building of Romantic Britain (Allen Lane, London, 2007). 

2 The first full history of John Hardman and Company is Michael Fisher, Hardman of Birmingham: Goldsmith and Glasspainter (Landmark Publishing, Ashbourne, England, 2008). It contains a sizable section on the firm’s work in the United States, and an appendix of most of their American commissions. 

3 Much of the information in this article is drawn from the Hardman archive, which consists of business records, letters, drawings, and cartoons for stained-glass windows, covering the entire period of the firm’s history. Although some records were destroyed in a fire that badly damaged the firm’s premises in 1970, most of them survived. Today the business records are housed in the Birmingham City Archives at the Birmingham Central Library, and the drawings are in the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. A quantity of drawings is also kept at the firm’s premises in Birmingham. 

4 Margaret Henderson Floyd, “A. W. N. Pugin and the Gothic Movement in North America,” in A. W. N. Pugin: Master of Gothic Revival, ed. Paul Atterbury,(Bard Graduate Center, New York, and Yale University Press, New Haven, 1995) pp. 200–201. The tabernacle is illustrated on p. 200. 

5 Letter to John Hardman and Company, May 20, 1904, Hardman archive, Birmingham. 

6 I am grateful to Lucy Cohen of Vassar College for providing me with a copy of her 2006 student paper that discusses the Cornaro Window. 

7 These publications included Pugin: A Gothic Passion, ed. Paul Atterbury and Clive Wainwright (Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and Yale University Press, New Haven, 1994); and A. W. N. Pugin: Master of Gothic Revival. 

8 Ethan Anthony, The Architecture of Ralph Adams Cram and His Office (W. W. Norton, New York, 2007). 

9 Property from the Collection of Cher, Sotheby’s with Julien’s Auctions, Los Angeles, October 3–4, 2006, Lot 215. 

MICHAEL FISHER is consultant historian and archivist for Pugin, Hardman and Powell and the author of several books on Pugin and the Gothic revival, including Hardman of Birmingham: Goldsmith and Glasspainter (Landmark Publishing, Ashbourne, England, 2008).

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by Émile Jacques Ruhlmann (1879-1933), 1926. Macassar ebony, amaranth, and ivory. Metropolitan Museum of Art. By Cynthia Drayton

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