Living history: A New England couple reanimates the past
An interior view signed by James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) hangs above a veneered walnut dressing table, Boston, 1710-1730, formerly in the collection of Eric Martin Wunsch. On the dressing table, from left, are a delft hand warmer shaped like a book, London, probably Southwark, dated 1665 and initialed "B./I.E"; a delft jug with armorial decoration, London, 1699; and a Charles II silver covered bowl, London, 1679. Photograph by Gavin Ashworth.
As suggested intriguingly by a small oil portrait on copper that surfaced publicly in 2006 after more than half a century off the market and out of sight, the man said to be James Tilley enjoyed expansive views (Fig. 10). England and its rooted traditions lay behind him. Ahead, beckoning, was the unsettled promise of America. But Tilley died indebted in New London, Connecticut, while the painter whose name is affixed to the work, John Singleton Copley, decamped to London and further acclaim in 1774.
Writ small or large, New England's dual and sometimes contradictory past is at the heart of this distinguished collection combining American furniture, paintings, and sporting art with English silver and tin-glazed earthenware, much of it dating to the eighteenth century or earlier. With deep ties to the Connecticut River Valley, the couple who gathered the treasures shown here set to work nearly a half century ago, object by object fashioning a spirited account of their own history and that of a region they call home. As the wife explains, "This is who we are and where we came from."
In the early 1960s the husband, an investor, acquired a weekend retreat in Old Lyme, Connecticut, where the Connecticut River empties into Long Island Sound. He wanted to furnish the eighteenth-century house, a center-chimney colonial, in a sympathetic fashion. By instinct a hunter, he made his way down the coast one day to Ansonia, Connecticut, where he found a rare foliate-painted high chest of drawers of a type associated with the shoreline Connecticut communities of Guilford and Saybrook (Fig. 11). After an obligatory tussle, dealer Harry Arons agreed grudgingly to sell the early eighteenth-century case piece. It has remained with the husband, a souvenir of his journey.
Still unknown to him, his future wife had also fallen under the spell of the old and beautiful. "My great aunt and her husband had put together a fantastic collection. I visited their wonderful house almost every day when I was a girl and it made a tremendous impression on me," she says. She graduated from candlesticks to candlestands as finances allowed and still buys pieces with her family's provenance when they surface.
Once married, the couple looked for a place to call their own. They found an early nineteenth-century farmhouse up the river and set about restoring it. Colchester, Connecticut, dealer Arthur Liverant, who advises them, recalls visiting the understated property decades ago-before the old potting shed became a new kitchen, and the old kitchen, a new dining room. About ten years ago, the couple commissioned a talented architect to add a sequence of rooms that, through clever sleight of hand, conjures early New England. In an imaginative flourish, they built backward, adding a late eighteenth-century bed chamber, an early eighteenth-century parlor, and a seventeenth-century tavern room.
"No Tory furniture for us. We wanted to live with simple, quirky New England things," says the couple, who gathered emblematic forms from Wethersfield and Windsor, Connecticut, and from Hadley and Taunton, Massachusetts. They acquired candlestands in felicitous variety.
Catskill Landscape by Thomas Cole (1801-1848), 1846, hangs above a mantel in the front parlor on which stands a pair of Chinese style faience vases from the Nevers manufactory, France, c. 1680. On the c. 1750-1780 RhodeIsland maple porringer-top tea table is the English delftware plate shown in Fig. 19. Photograph by Gavin Ashworth.
In an upstairs bedroom, a joined, carved, and painted oak one-drawer sunflower chest of about 1675 to 1710 survives in nearly pristine condition, much of its old surface and original paint intact (see Fig. 15). Possibly from the Wethersfield area shop of émigré craftsman Peter Blin, it previously belonged to the New York collector Eric Martin Wunsch, whose name also attaches to a 1710 to 1730 veneered walnut Boston dressing table with a cross-stretcher base in the front parlor (Fig. 7). Of the latter, Christie's deputy chairman John Hays, a longtime friend, says, "It landed in the right collection. It is one of the great surviving William and Mary dressing tables." He cites as virtues the beauty of the veneered case, the shape of its apron, and the emphatic turnings of the legs.
The couple was thrilled when Liverant offered them a cherry flat-top high chest of drawers with its original china steps that was probably made in Hebron or Colchester, Connecticut, between 1760 and 1780 (Fig. 5). To their delight, construction details suggest that the piece is from the same shop as an imposing cherry bonnet-top high chest acquired years ago from Arons (Fig. 8). The latter, as described by Thomas P. and Alice K. Kugelman in Connecticut Valley Furniture, shows the influence of Windsor, Connecticut, cabinetmaker Eliphalet Chapin in the distinctive intertwined vine carving that decorates its top drawer.
Dating to the first quarter of the eighteenth century, a William and Mary easy chair with shaped crest, baluster turned stretchers, and Spanish feet is believed to be the only known example still in private hands (Fig. 2). "It is probably one of our three best pieces of furniture," the husband says.
Another rare piece is an unusual mahogany table with a molded octagonal top and splayed block-and-ring turned legs (see Fig. 1). It dates to about 1720 to 1740 and is thought to have descended in the Franklin family of Massachusetts.
The couple's appreciation for the world of antiques extends to its storied figures, among them Katharine Prentis Murphy, a tastemaker who presented early New England rooms to several museums. Formerly on view at the New-York Historical Society, thanks to Murphy's generosity, and now in the collectors' kitchen is a pair of portraits identified as Penelope Pelham of Plymouth, Massachusetts, and her brother Nathaniel that dates to about 1650 (see Fig. 9). "These portraits inspired us to collect silver and ceramics of the same period," says the wife, pleased to imagine that John Singleton Copley, whose widowed mother married the portrait painter and engraver Peter Pelham, might have been distantly related by marriage to the brother and sister.
Also in the kitchen are two examples of late seventeenth-century Massachusetts furniture, a maple and ash turned great chair attributed to Ephraim Tinkham II of Plymouth County, and a sophisticated walnut Boston chest of drawers with London style joinery.
"I got interested in decoys in the 1960s and today mostly buy birds by the Cape Cod carver A. Elmer Crowell. He is the Remington of duck sculpture," the husband says, leading the way to a rustic sitting room (Fig. 12), a black Labrador retriever padding amiably alongside. An enthusiastic sportsman, the husband met Stephen O'Brien Jr. on a fishing trip in the Florida Keys nearly fifteen years ago. "It was a memorable day. As it turned out, we shared a passion for duck hunting and Crowell carvings," says O'Brien, a specialty dealer and auctioneer, who helped assemble what he thinks may be, given its breadth and attention to quality, the best collection of Crowells anywhere. Commissioned by Harry V. Long, a preening pintail drake is one of many stars (visible in front of the shelf clock in Fig. 12). Considered a masterwork, it is closely related to a record-setting preening pintail drake made by Crowell for Dr. John C. Phillips around 1915.
The room also accommodates paintings by Alfred Jacob Miller and Arthur Fitzwilliam Tait from the couple's extensive holdings of views of the American West as well as watercolors of grouse by Frank Weston Benson, the Massachusetts-born painter and printmaker who, like Crowell, is considered a master of the genre.
Delftware jug with portraits of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza, London, 1662. Inscribed "M/HS/1662" and "C R/2" and "D/QK" on the front. Height 11 . inches. Photograph by Gavin Ashworth.
"You can have all the furniture you want but it's the accessories that count," Lillian B. Cogan (1897-1991), the pioneering Connecticut antiques dealer who helped popularize what were called Pilgrim Century decorative arts, long ago advised the couple. Today their interiors sparkle with English silver, much of it made between 1625 and 1713. "For me, the marquee piece is a Charles I pierced cake basket by Richard Blackwell I that dates to about 1625," says Timothy Martin of S. J. Shrubsole in New York (Fig. 3). "It has beautiful chasing, almost Elizabethan in feel, that singles it out. It's just exquisite."
Like any great collection, this one blends courage, care, and conviction. The couple indulges a passion for seventeenth-century English tin-glazed earthenware, or delftware, seeking signed, dated, or marked examples decorated with specific events or recognizable subjects by known decorators or potteries. Most of the pieces have exceptional provenances. When the Longridge Collection, formed over thirty years by Syd Levethan, came to market in 2010 and 2011, the couple stepped up to buy many of its top lots. Among the most spectacular is a dated charger that may have been made to commemorate the July 9, 1638, marriage of Aaron Wit and Frances Allen at Saint George the Martyr in Southwark (Fig. 17). The distant past is rarely more tangible.
"There are other private American collections that are larger and more diverse, but for seventeenth-century English tin-glazed earthenware this is the best I've seen. Every work is a masterpiece of form or decoration," says Luke Beckerdite, who, with London dealer Garry Atkins, advises the couple.
Like the decorative arts in their collection, the couple's paintings also speak to what is distinctly American, in the main progressing from Raphaelle Peale's intimate arrangements of fruit and nuts (see Figs. 2, 13) to untamed views of land and sea by Frederic Edwin Church, Thomas Cole, Fitz Henry Lane (Fig. 14), Jasper Francis Cropsey, Martin Johnson Heade, and William Bradford. "So many people are buying contemporary art but we stayed away from it. We wanted a harmonious arrangement of paintings, furniture, and objects," the wife says. In the lower hall, Andrew Wyeth's The Milk Room of 1964 hangs near a two-drawer oak Hadley chest carved with the initials "T B." In this setting, at least, Wyeth's meditation on Karl Kuerner's Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, barn and on a rural America fast receding seems part and parcel of the late twentieth-century antiquarian movement that some fear is disappearing.
To house their seventeenth-century furniture, the couple added an atmospheric tavern room with stone walls, an enormous stone hearth, and old beams (Fig. 16). They furnished the room with an exceptional Boston drop-leaf dining table of about 1710 to 1720 and a set of nine comely Boston chairs of roughly the same date, with shaped crests, spoon backs, and Spanish feet. "It took me twenty-five years to assemble the set," confides West Chester, Pennsylvania, dealer Skip Chalfant who lived with these sculptural pieces, which the collectors covered in Russia leather salvaged from the eighteenth-century ship Die Frau Metta Catharina, sunk off the coast of Cornwall and discovered by divers in 1973.
The tavern room contains a Boston drop-leaf dining table of 1710-1720; an assembled set of eight c. 1720-1725 Boston maple side chairs and one armchair, all upholstered in Russia leather; and a two-drawer joined, carved, and painted oak sunflower chest, Wethersfield, Connecticut, 1680-1720. On the chest are, left, a rare English delft blue and white candlestick, Southwark, dated "1653" and initialed "I/I·T" and the double portrait jug shown in Fig. 18. Also visible is a pair of Commonwealth silver dishes, London, c. 1654; a pair of silver casters by Francis Garthorne, London, c. 1683; and a pair of silver salt cellars, London, 1694. On the rear wall hangs the delft charger shown in Fig. 17. The table is set with an assembled service of Georgian silver, 1731-1769. The Serapi carpet dates to c. 1890. Photograph by Gavin Ashworth.
Arrayed on a two-drawer sunflower chest made in the Wethersfield area between 1680 and 1720 is more rare English delft. Dated 1653, a blue and white candlestick is the only one of its kind still in private hands. A dated 1662 blue and white commemorative jug is decorated with the portraits of Charles II and his queen, Catherine of Braganza (Fig. 18).
Housed in an adjacent, purpose-built cellar, a comprehensive wine collection assembled by the husband over thirty years emphasizes decades-old Bordeaux, Burgundies, and Rhônes. From time to time, the couple has financed projects with sales of their liquid assets. More often, they simply enjoy their good fortune as an accoutrement to memorable evenings spent with friends and family, their faith in New England's durable values ever solid and unchanged by time.