Pennsylvania style


American baskets dating to the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries are suspended from exposed beams in the family room; in one corner, an impressive collection of miniature baskets spills out of a small southeastern Pennsylvania hanging corner cupboard (see Figs. 1, 6). The tail and extra shelf at the bottom bespeak the cupboard's Germanic origins. This room, which is adjacent to the kitchen, is part of an earlier addition that the couple had rebuilt to be more in keeping with the original house. In it they also display a large collection of yellow ware in a Dutch cupboard, some of their salt-glazed stoneware, and several of their animal carvings by the celebrated itinerant carver Wilhelm Schimmel. Pippin's Milkman of Goshen of 1945 hangs above the fireplace, which is flanked by two well-preserved early Pennsylvania painted dower chests-the type of choice find for which Hartman is legendary. Although not pictured, the room also contains the early New England painted chair-table that was the first object the collectors purchased from Hartman.

The walls of the stair hall are hung with two types of Chinese export art—a series of twelve gouaches illustrating the production and sale of tea to the Western market and a large early nineteenth-century oil painting, depicting a view of the Pearl River from Canton to Whampoa Anchorage (see Fig. 11).7 The clock at the top of the stairs was made by Goldsmith Chandlee (1751-1821), a Quaker clockmaker born in Nottingham, Pennsylvania. The third generation of a clockmaking dynasty, Chand­­lee moved in 1775 to Stephens City, Virginia, and then to Winchester, Virginia, where this clock and its case were made. Chandlee maintained close ties to his southeastern Pennsylvania roots; during the American Revolution he played host to a number of Quakers who were exiled from Philadelphia for their unwillingness to fight, among them the important furniture maker Thomas Affleck (1740-1795).

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by Émile Jacques Ruhlmann (1879-1933), 1926. Macassar ebony, amaranth, and ivory. Metropolitan Museum of Art. By Cynthia Drayton

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