1 "A Master Sculptor in Precious Metals: Gustav Manz, Disciple of Cellini, Whose Methods Are Those of the Florentine Craftsman of Mediaeval Days," Arts and Decoration, January 1926, p. 68.
2 Jewelers' Circular-Keystone, March 1946, p. 397. Manz is consistently listed in New York City business directories as a jeweler from 1901 to 1944.
3 Witherbee Black to Doris Eastman, February 20, 1946, Gustav Manz scrapbook, coll. 53, Gustav Manz (microfilm), Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Winterthur Library, Winterthur, Delaware.
4 Analysis of Manz's client list courtesy of his great-granddaughter (and tenacious researcher), Laura Mathews.
5 Gustav Manz scrapbook. Manz's great-granddaughter-in-law Peg Eastman, who was a docent at Winterthur in the early 1970s, donated the three business journals and arranged the microfilming of the scrapbook.
6 Gustav Manz scrapbook.
8 1900 United States Census, examination district no. 67, sheet no. 9, June 6, 1900, gives Manz's date of immigration as 1893.
9 Janet Zapata, "The rediscovery of Paulding Farnham, Tiffany's designer ‘extraordinaire,'" The Magazine Antiques, vol. 139, no. 3 (March 1991), p. 558.
10 See n. 8.
11 According to the family, Carl Bachem traveled back and forth to Germany on jewelry related business.
12 "Information for Record /Applied Arts Division-Department of Art, St. Louis World's Fair," 1904, archives of the Saint Louis Art Museum. Janet Zapata kindly provided me with a copy of this entry form.
13 A. M. Veghte, treasurer, F. Walter Lawrence, New York, to Louis Binder, Cowell and Hubbard, Cleveland, September 5, 1952, in Gustav Manz scrapbook.
14 Arthur Rathjen (Manz's grandson), interview by author, December 11, 2007.
15 "Art at Home and Abroad," New York Times, May 19, 1912. This sculpture was later donated by Doris Eastman to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, where it remains today; according to the registrar Carole Camillo, it currently provides décor in a conference room.
16 Yvonne Markowitz, Rita J. Kaplan and Susan B. Kaplan Curator of Jewelry and former curator of Egyptology, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, interview by author, August 24, 2007.
17 Isabelle M. Archer, "The Present Trend in Decorative Designing, Traced through the Industrial Exhibition Now at the Metropolitan Museum," Jewelers' Circular, January 30, 1924, p. 53.
18 "A Golden Opportunity in Every Community," ibid., December 1932, p. 37.
19 The letter is in the Gustav Manz scrapbook.
20 George Hepbron of F. Walter Lawrence to Doris Eastman, March 13, 1939, ibid.
21 Postcard from Manz to Doris Eastman, in Gustav Manz scrapbook. The Schervier Nursing Care Center archives confirm Manz's stay there. Diane Cohen, director of health information management at the Schervier Center, interview by author, November 20, 2007.
22 New York Times, February 20, 1946.
COURTNEY BOWERS, an independent scholar, is writing a book about Gustav Manz.