Early California photographs at the Huntington
February 21, 2014 | The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens has made two exciting purchases that enhance its unparalleled ability to tell the story of Southern California as it was transformed from vast rural ranchlands into an international symbol of the good life. The newly acquired Ernest Marquez Collection of photographs, with prints from the 1870s to about 1950, includes rare views of Los Angeles as well of early Santa Monica, which, as the Southern Pacific Railroad was on the brink of connecting Los Angeles to the rest of the nation in the mid-1870s, welcomed city dwellers to its beachside tent cities. Photographers opened studios catering to the incipient tourist trade, and the illustrious San Francisco photographer Carleton E. Watkins visited in 1877 and 1880. The collection includes his images as well as ones by such other early photographers as William M. Godfrey, Francis Parker, and Hayward and Muzzall. Amassed over a half a century by a descendant of Mexican land grantees who owned the six thousand-acre Rancho Boca de Santa Monica-or present-day Rustic and Santa Monica Canyons, Pacific Palisades, and portions of the city of Santa Monica-the archives constitute the Huntington's largest purchase of photographs since 1939.
Supplementing the acquisition, the Huntington has also acquired nearly four hundred rare pamphlets, maps, and ephemera related to the early history and development of the city and county of Santa Barbara and the adjacent counties of San Luis Obispo and Ventura from 1867 to 1927. The material was selected from the collection of Clifton F. Smith (1920-1999), author of Flora of Santa Barbara who had been the librarian at the Santa Barbara Botanic Garden.
Above: Back cover of brochure, Santa Monica and Ocean Park Chamber of Commerce, The Famous Resorts of Southern California, n.d. The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens